Establishing and maintaining your landscaping can be time-consuming and expensive, but it is a worthwhile investment. Considering good landscape design can increase the value of your home by an estimated 20 percent, focusing on a green lawn, colorful flowers, appealing trees, and lush shrubbery is smart. The actual landscape design process is overwhelming, since there are so many plants available for your yard. However, choosing eco-friendly plants, trees, and other landscaping elements is beneficial to the environment and your finances. Using this guide on eco-friendly landscaping options for your yard, you can add appeal to your home while conserving water and energy.
If most of your landscape design consists of the lawn, you will need to use a large supply of water to keep the grass green and healthy. Every 10'x10' area of grass will require 62 gallons of water, so maintaining an entire lawn will require a great deal of water. To conserve water, consider planting grass seed that is resistant to drought. Bermuda and Zoysia grasses love the sun and heat, so using these drought-resistant grasses for your lawn will reduce your household's water usage.
In addition, you can also reduce the size of your lawn. Instead of planting grass over the majority of your yard, create natural areas using pine straw, pebbles, or gravel. To make these areas more attractive, fill in the spaces with garden décor and a few pieces of outdoor furniture.
Choose plants, flowers, and trees that thrive in the heat and full sun. Hydrangea shrubs, coneflowers, and lavender add color to your landscape without needing much care. Use ferns, palm plants, banana trees, and ornamental grasses to add lush greenery throughout your landscape.
Surround plants with pine straw or mulch to trap in moisture, as well. This will reduce the amount of moisture needed to maintain your shrubs, flowers, and trees.
Planting shade-producing trees around your heating and cooling units and windows can reduce the energy needed to heat and cool your home. Install deciduous trees in the western, eastern, and northwestern sides of your home so the shade will insulate your home against the cold temperatures of winter and block the intense sun in the summer season. Utilizing one or more shade-producing trees around your home can reduce cooling costs in the summer by 35 percent.
Here are a few fast-growing, shade-producing trees to consider:
- Weeping Willow
- Red Oak
- White Pine
- Giant Arborvitae
- Tulip Poplar
When planting, make sure to allow sufficient space between the tree branches and your home, allowing it to grow and branch out over the years.
If you spend time on your patio or deck, consider planting shrubs and trees around these areas, as well. Crepe myrtles and Japanese maple trees create shade around your outdoor living spaces, preventing the surfaces from becoming too hot to walk or sit on. These trees also add enormous appeal by providing color and texture to your landscape design.
Adding vines that climb up against your home's exterior can also help conserve energy. Plant clematis, ivy, or climbing roses in a bed near your home's exterior. Add a trellis or lattice up against the house. This will allow the vine to grow up the trellis on the side of your home, serving as an extra layer of insulation. Vines are capable of shading your home within the first growing season, so they are smart options in eco-friendly landscaping.
Conserving water and energy may seem challenging, but these eco-friendly tips will help. Using these tips, you can create an appealing, valuable, and eco-friendly landscape. For more information, contact a landscaping company like Bourget Bros Building Materials.